Allosteric inhibitors against HIV-1 reverse transcriptase: design and synthesis of MKC-442 analogues having an omega-functionalized acyclic structure.
Tanaka H., Walker RT., Hopkins AL., Ren J., Jones EY., Fujimoto K., Hayashi M., Miyasaka T., Baba M., Stammers DK., Stuart DI.
Based on X-ray crystallographic analysis of MKC-442/human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) complex, analogues in which the N1-substituent is replaced with omega-functionalized alkyl groups were designed to improve the affinity for the enzyme. Synthesis of these compounds was carried out starting from MKC-442 by a sequence of reactions (N3-protection, removal of N1-ethoxymethyl group, alkylation, and N3-deprotection). The compounds were evaluated for anti-HIV activity. Structure-activity relationships are discussed in terms of the possible interaction with the enzyme.