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Leukocyte activation can be negatively regulated by inhibitory receptors specific for MHC class I molecules. While one inhibitory receptor, Ig-like transcript 2 (ILT2), is expressed by all lymphoid and myelomonocytic cell types, other receptors display a more selective tissue distribution. Here we characterize an inhibitory receptor, termed ILT4, which is selectively expressed in monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells (DCs), binds classical class I molecules and the nonclassical class I molecules HLA-G, and transduces negative signals that can inhibit early signaling events triggered by stimulatory receptors. ILT4 may control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity mediated by myelomonocytic cells and may modulate their Ag-presenting functions, focusing immune responses to microbial challenges and avoiding autoreactivity.


Journal article


Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Publication Date





3096 - 3100


Basel Institute for Immunology, Switzerland.


B-Lymphocytes, Dendritic Cells, Killer Cells, Natural, Monocytes, Cells, Cultured, Cell Line, Macrophages, Mast Cells, Animals, Humans, Mice, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Serotonin, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Membrane Glycoproteins, Receptors, Immunologic, Serotonin Antagonists, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, HLA Antigens, Lymphocyte Activation, Signal Transduction, Macrophage Activation, Protein Binding, Molecular Weight, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11