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By exploiting the complexity intrinsic to quantum dynamics, quantum technologies promise a host of computational advantages. One such advantage lies in the field of stochastic modeling, where it has been shown that quantum stochastic simulators can operate with a lower memory overhead than their best classical counterparts. This advantage is particularly pronounced for continuous-time stochastic processes; however, the corresponding quantum stochastic simulators heretofore prescribed operate only on a quasi-continuous-time basis and suffer an ever-increasing circuit complexity with increasing temporal resolution. Here, by establishing a correspondence with quantum trajectories (a method for modeling open quantum systems), we show how truly continuous-time quantum stochastic simulators can be embedded in such open quantum systems, bridging this gap and obviating previous constraints. We further show how such an embedding can be made for discrete-time stochastic processes, which manifest as jump-only trajectories, and discuss how viewing the correspondence in the reverse direction provides a means of studying structural complexity in quantum systems themselves.

Original publication




Journal article


Physical Review A

Publication Date