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Objective: Sepsis-induced immune alterations are associated with secondary infections and increased risk of death. The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been described as a novel therapeutic strategy. We evaluated the immunomodulatory effects of human dental follicle (DF-MSCs) on lymphocytes of sepsis and septic shock patients. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from venous blood samples of sepsis, septic shock and healthy subjects. PBMCs were co-cultured in the presence and absence of DF-MSCs with or without interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) for 72 hours. CD4+CD25+FoxP3+regulatory T (Treg) cell frequency, lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine levels and apoptosis were evaluated via flow cytometry. Results: DF-MSCs significantly suppressed proliferation of lymphocytes in sepsis group compared to septic shock group (p<0.005). DF-MSCs remarkably increased Treg ratio in sepsis compared to control group (p<0.05). Reduction of lymphocyte apoptosis in cocultures of DF-MSCs and PBMC was significant in both sepsis and septic shock groups. IFN-γ stimulation of DF-MSCs ameliorated shift in the T-cell subsets from Th2 to Th1 phenotype in septic shock. Conclusion: Our findings revealed that DF-MSCs have immunoregulatory effects both in sepsis and septic shock, by reducing interleukin-4 (IL-4) and increasing IFN-γ levels. This immunoreactivity regulation may open new therapeutic approaches for septic shock patients.

Original publication




Journal article


Marmara Medical Journal


Marmara University

Publication Date





7 - 16