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AbstractPancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common malignancy of the pancreas and has one of the highest mortality rates of any cancer type with a 5-year survival rate of < 5% and median overall survival of typically six months from diagnosis. Recent transcriptional studies of PDAC have provided several competing stratifications of the disease. However, the development of therapeutic strategies will depend on a unique and coherent classification of PDAC. Here, we use an integrative meta-analysis of four different PDAC gene expression studies to derive the consensus PDAC classification. Despite the fact that immunotherapies have yet to have an impact in treatment of PDAC, the gene expression signatures that stratify PDAC across studies are immunologic. We define these as “adaptive”, “innate” and “immune-exclusion” immunologic signatures, which are prognostic across independent cohorts. An appreciation of the immune composition of PDAC with prognostic significance is an opportunity to understand distinct immune escape mechanisms in development of the disease and design novel immune-oncology therapeutic strategies to overcome current barriers.

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