Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Significance Rho-associated kinase 2 (ROCK2) is implicated in the regulation of proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-17 and IL-21, and the development of autoimmunity in mice. However, the role of ROCK2 signaling pathway in regulation of immune responses in humans is still an enigma. Here we show that targeted ROCK2 inhibition down-regulates proinflammatory responses via concurrent regulation of STAT3/STAT5 phosphorylation and shifting Th17/Treg balance in human T cells with a minimal effect on the rest of the immune response. This work provides previously unidentified insights into the molecular mechanism of ROCK2-mediated modulation of the immune response in man and has profound implications for development of a selective ROCK2 inhibitor as a new therapeutic target for autoimmunity treatment.

Original publication




Journal article


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Publication Date





16814 - 16819