The role of MHC I protein dynamics in tapasin and TAPBPR-assisted immunopeptidome editing
van Hateren A., Elliott T.
Major Histocompatibility Complex class I (MHC I) molecules are highly polymorphic, with allotypes differing in peptide binding preferences, and in their dependence upon tapasin for optimal peptide selection. The tapasin dependence of MHC allotypes is inversely correlated with their self-editing ability, and underpinned by conformational plasticity. Recently, TAPBPR has been shown to enhance MHC I assembly via a chaperone-like function, and by editing the peptide repertoire of some MHC I allotypes. Structural analysis has shown TAPBPR binding changes the conformation and dynamics of MHC I, with MHC protein dynamics likely to determine the prevailing TAPBPR function: generically enhancing MHC I assembly by stabilising highly dynamic peptide-empty MHC I; and by editing the peptide repertoire of highly dynamic MHC I allotypes.