Solid-phase synthesis of 89 polyamine-based cationic lipids for DNA delivery to mammalian cells.
Yingyongnarongkul B-E., Howarth M., Elliott T., Bradley M.
The ability of non-viral gene delivery systems to overcome extracellular and intracellular barriers is a critical issue for future clinical applications of gene therapy. In recent years much effort has been focused on the development of a variety of DNA carriers, and cationic liposomes have become the most common non-viral gene delivery system. Solid-phase synthesis was used to produce three libraries of polyamine-based cationic lipids with diverse hydrophobic tails. These were characterised, and structure-activity relationships were determined for DNA binding and transfection ability of these compounds when formulated as cationic liposomes. Two of the cationic lipids produced high-efficiency transfection of human cells. Surprisingly, these two compounds were from the library with two headgroups and one aliphatic tail, a compound class regarded as detergent-like and little investigated for transfection. These cationic lipids are promising reagents for gene delivery and illustrate the potential of solid-phase synthesis methods for lipoplex discovery.